Life Cycle of a Team 5 Stages of Team Development According to Tuckman

25 février 2021 0 Par KAMIKAZI

To run a great meeting, keep the team aligned, and the agenda short, specific, and action-oriented. Maintaining an effective team is much like maintaining a garden; if left unattended, it loses its ability to thrive. Team development ensures that the team can thrive in the long term. Some teams do come to an end, when their work is completed or when the organization’s needs change. While not part of Tuckman’s original model, it is important for any team to pay attention to the end or termination process.

team development cycle

Bottlenecks get addressed promptly and with purpose since the team can easily collaborate and create the solutions required to get everyone back on track. During the forming stage, team members are often optimistic and enthusiastic about getting started. The apprehensive behavior usually arises because members are unsure about the project goals and their roles.

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However, once that’s explained, they’ll adjust to the roles that await them. Team learning is often necessary to execute healthy team development and providing your team with the tools they need to thrive is good for them and your organization. These tools may include team development discussions, training, or workshops. Individual members of a team learn more about their personal potential, duties, and work dynamically within the team.

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The team can handle conflict and proceed with the project successfully. As the real work kicks in, the project may present both technical and interpersonal challenges. Individual work habits, leadership decisions, or lapses in communication can cause tension within a team.

Team development is the structured process of bringing together a group of diverse individuals and teaching them to appreciate their differences as they work towards a shared goal. Some teams reach a stage of development in which they thrive at their individual and collective tasks. The skills of each member are fully optimized, supervision is almost never needed, and members feel a strong sense of trust in one another. Storming is the most difficult and unproductive of the five stages of development, but it is nevertheless vital to the team development process. When team members are upset with themselves, the task, or each other, they learn what causes the most dysfunction. With this information, the team can begin aspiring to a better team dynamic.


Team members may feel a variety of concerns about the team’s impending dissolution. They may be feeling some anxiety because of uncertainty about their individual role or future responsibilities. They may feel sadness or a sense of loss about the changes coming to their team relationships. And at the same time, team members may feel a sense of deep satisfaction at the accomplishments of the team.

team development cycle

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The forming stage of team development is the first step in team bonding. In this initial stage, group members gather and learn more about each other. Though some people might refer to the forming stage as “the honeymoon stage” of team building, it more closely resembles a first date. Teammates meet, discover group member strengths and weaknesses, explore the basics of the project, and form group goals. Group members designate roles and delegate responsibilities with help from team leaders.

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And yet, everyone on the team shares the same orientation and attitude. Though this may sound easy on paper, balancing individual and common goals within a team is quite difficult, especially during periods of stress, failure, or discord. This article will guide you through the significance of team development, its stages, and action steps business professionals can take to orient their teams toward a development mindset. In the Performing stage, the team makes significant progress towards its goals.

team development cycle

At first, the vision may be ambiguous, but as the project evolves, team members start getting a clear picture of the desired system. The role of the Product Owner is to frame the strategy, together with the Product Backlog, and deliver the vision project to those funding the project. A prioritized Project Backlog is then created where Core functionality is assigned the highest priority. Additional features, however, can be left for the incremental product. The key objective now is to translate this prioritized list into a « Done » product. South Shore Bicycle & Fitness is a registered USA Cycling club that promotes competitive cycling in the Woodmere area.

Teams that have been working closely for some time have resolved enough issues to understand what success looks like for them. For example, success can be anything from higher customer acquisition to a positive shift in the metrics they’re tracking. To accommodate your remote teams and to make sure your first project team meeting is productive, use a video conferencing platform like Zoom. This way team members can meet from anywhere and share their screen so that everyone can see the project details simultaneously. Record and store the meeting in Teamwork Projects so that team members can revisit it at any time if they need a reminder of the discussion.

Principles of Management

Norms are effective because team members want to support the team and preserve relationships in the team, and when norms are violated, there is peer pressure or sanctions to enforce compliance. Establishing ground rules from the get-go ensures they get followed as the group moves from one stage to the next. A critical rule to emphasize is that team members should always listen to each other and feel free to consult and raise concerns. No idea is too stupid to raise, and no question is too silly to ask. That can only happen if a solid foundation gets laid and communication channels are kept open.

team development cycle

Google MeetUse Fellow’s Google Meet extension to collaborate on meeting notes and record action items, right within your video calls. AnalyticsGain insight about your company’s meeting frequency, productivity, and feedback culture. This stage four stages of team development is fundamental to the process of creating a winning team, yet is commonly poorly addressed due to pressures to make the team active as quickly as possible. Simplilearn is a cutting-edge workplace training service that provides just that.

Sprint Retrospective

The project has reached its natural end, and group members acknowledge that while the group has found success, it is time for the team to split and move on to new challenges. The mourning stage paves the way for more growth and learning and new opportunities. This final part of the team building process grants teammates closure and provides a chance to reflect on the experience.

  • The norming stage of team development is the calm after the storm.
  • There is still a need for the team to focus on both process and product, setting new goals as appropriate.
  • Having a way to identify and understand causes for changes in the team behaviors can help the team maximize its process and its productivity.
  • Sometimes, subgroups may form around particular opinions or authority figures — which are all clear signs that team cohesion has not happened yet.
  • Next up is the performing stage, which tends to be where there is the most cohesive work environment, people are happy and excited, and team performance is at an all-time high.
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The team can consult this record when future problems arise and make adaptations as needed. Your teams will soon learn that conflict is not to be feared, and that they have the tools to find a productive compromise. It’s quite another for team members to understand what specific responsibilities each person has and how that fits into the larger picture. Full knowledge of the skills that everyone brings to the table, like development, web design, marketing, or product knowledge.

It’s best that you use each stage to learn and understand something new about your teammates and work on improving your workflows. Then, use this knowledge to help you overcome problems and reach your project goals with success. Think of the forming stage like the first day of school or the first day at a new job. There’s excitement in the air and everyone is ready to roll up their sleeves and get started on the project.

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Team Tasks during the Storming stage of development call for the team to refocus on its goals, perhaps breaking larger goals down into smaller, achievable steps. The team may need to develop both task-related skills and group process and conflict management skills. A redefinition of the team’s goals, roles and tasks can help team members past the frustration or confusion they experience during the Storming stage. When teams work in the same space, it’s easy to see what everyone’s doing.

The level of cohesiveness on the team primarily determines whether team members accept and conform to norms. Team cohesiveness is the extent that members are attracted to the team and are motivated to remain in the team. Members of highly cohesive teams value their membership, are committed to team activities, and gain satisfaction from team success. They try to conform to norms because they want to maintain their relationships in the team and they want to meet team expectations.

Finally, share the project roadmap so the team can see the starting point, the proposed check-in points, and the end goal. This gives them insight into the bigger goal but also breaks down the timeline into smaller increments. Project scheduling is a critical and crucial part of project management and planning.

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